Radio frequency identification (RFID) and the Internet of Things (IoT) development linkages

Keyword:   RFID,  IOT
Posted on 4 Mar,2019 By Chay

Abstract: The Internet of Things,iot is known as the third wave of the world’s information industry following computers and the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a realization of the “things and Things Connected” network, to achieve the interconnection of everything, everything intelligent, to provide more convenient services, which involves automatic identification technology, in which radio frequency identification (Radio Frequency IDENTIFICTION,RFID) technology is the key.

Introduction: The Internet of Things,iot is known as the third wave of the world’s information industry following computers and the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a realization of the “things and Things Connected” network, to achieve the interconnection of everything, everything intelligent, to provide more convenient services, which involves automatic identification technology, in which radio frequency identification (Radio Frequency IDENTIFICTION,RFID) technology is the key.

The most Xerox company’s Coke vending machine. 1995, the company in “Without Rain Can” 1999, Hemp Letter Automatic identification (MIT Autid) 2004, Japan and South Korea 2005, Information World World, on the Internet.

The strongest enterprise

From the essence of the Internet of things, that is, three levels of demand: automatic identification and mutual communication of front-end entities, Internet networks for data transmission, and intelligent processing of back-end data. Automatic identification and mutual communication of front-end entities is the foundation and focus of the entire IoT architecture. In fact, automatic identification technology began to develop a long time ago, with the continuous development of computer technology, combined with sensor technology, positioning technology and so on to form the core technology of the Internet of things.

Automatic recognition technology is the use of machines to identify entity objects. A simple exposition is the use of identification devices, through the activities between the entity objects, automatically obtain the relevant information of the identified entity objects. For example, in our life, there are many applications of identification technology, supermarket shopping bar code recognition, Alipay WeChat scanning QR code recognition, fingerprint iris and other biometric identification, bank card or credit card recognition, Campus card or bus subway card identification, image recognition technology and radio frequency identification technology.

Radio frequency identification (RFID) is also an automatic identification technology, radio frequency identification through the radio frequency signal to obtain the relevant information of the entity object, and to identify. RFID technology is a non-contact, real-time fast, efficient and accurate acquisition and processing of solid object information automatic identification technology. RFID uses an electronic tag to mark an entity object, using an RFID reader to accept data from an entity object. RFID has strong anti-jamming ability, can identify high-speed moving entity objects, but also can identify the target of entity objects at the same time.

Radio frequency identification technology developed in the the 1940s radar technology, after more than more than 70 years of development, radio frequency identification technology is now widely used in all areas of society. For example, real-time production monitoring and tracking in the manufacturing sector, cargo tracking and courier in the logistics sector, mobile payments in the field of electronic payments, real-time monitoring and tracking in the field of environmental monitoring, interconnection of electronic products in the smart home sector, and many applications in the retail, medical, agricultural and public services sectors.

The development of the Internet of things and RFID technology has now achieved smart cities and smart homes, and the future of smart Earth and perception of China will surely be achieved. Do you have any ideas for smart cities and smart homes? Share it with your friends, let’s leave a message to discuss it!

RFID Brings Visibility to Hummingbirds at UC Davis

Keyword:   Health Care,  Visibility
Posted on 27 Jan,2019 By Amos

Jan 16, 2019—Researchers at the University of California Davis (UC Davis) are collecting data regarding feeder visitations by hummingbirds, with the help of RFID readers stationed at bird feeders and 134.2 kHz LF RFID tags embedded in the backs of the small pollinators. By identifying when specific birds visit particular feeders, and in the company of which other birds, the researchers are gaining an understanding of the contact activity and network of hummingbirds at feeders and how it might related to disease transmission. Traditionally, hummingbirds—some of the world’s smallest birds—have been tracked via leg bands, but those can require that a bird first be captured with a net so researchers can physically examine the band. That makes RFID a good alternative, the team explains.

The study, conducted by the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine and the university’s EpiCenter for Disease Dynamics, is not the first to use RFID to track hummingbirds, says Lisa Tell, an avian veterinarian at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine and the director of the Hummingbird Health and Conservation Program. However, she believes it is the first to solve a problem that faced previous studies: how to track more than a single bird at a feeder at once, using LF RFID tag reads.

“RFID has been used before at feeders to monitor the presence of hummingbirds,” Tell says. A reader can detect an LF-tagged bird at a distance of about 6 inches. In fact, because hummingbirds are so small, RFID is a technology well suited for tracking them. GPS units, Tell explains, would be too heavy for the birds to carry. However, the miniaturized version of animal tags, known as passive integrated transponders (PITs) and commonly used to track pets, can be carried by a hummingbird without impacting its flight. The devices weigh approximately 0.01 gram (0.0004 ounce) and measure 8 millimeters (0.3 inch) in length.

Attaching the tag non-invasively has been challenging for researchers in earlier studies, Tell says. They have tried adhering the tags to the birds’ back via eyelash glue, as well as inserting them under the skin and then sealing the skin with glue. However, the glue can be hazardous for hummingbirds if any trace gets onto the animals’ wings. Therefore, the UC Davis researchers embedded the tags under the birds’ skin on their dorsal area, then closed the incision via a single stitch. The team tagged 230 birds of two species—Anna’s hummingbirds and Allen’s hummingbirds—in this way.

Developing a system to track more than one bird at a time with the RFID reader posed another challenge. LF readers can interrogate one tag, Tell explains, but when a second one is concurrently introduced, the devices typically only read one of those tags. This presents a problem since hummingbirds often feed in groups, potentially five at a time.

In 2016, the UC Davis researchers began tagging the birds, and installed RFID-enabled feeders at three sites in California: two in the northern part of the state and one in the southern portion. Each site had between one and three RFID-enabled feeders, for a total of seven. The standard, off-the-shelf feeders are each surrounded with a netting material that includes a single entrance where birds pass into the netting area in order to access sugar water. The reader antenna is built into the entrance. The reader is powered either by a wall outlet connection or batteries. In the long term, Tell notes, the system could use solar panels for power.

When a bird enters the feeder, and for as long as it remains there, the reader continues to capture the tag’s unique ID, which is linked to details about that bird in a metadata file. Researchers analyzed the data harvested from the readers to identify which bird was at which feeder, along with which birds were there together. “If the bird is anywhere near the antenna, we can read the tag,” Tell states. The collected data is stored in the reader until a researcher goes onsite and uses a USB drive or Bluetooth connection to download that information.

Between September 2016 and March 2018, a total of 118,017 tag reads were captured. The goal, according to Tell, is to continue monitoring feeders going forward. The birds were tagged more than two years ago, though the life expectancy for a hummingbird can be considerably longer than that, and there will be no effort to remove the tags.

In the future, the team would like to find what Tell calls a “consumer-affordable” lower-cost reader so that the units can be installed in greater numbers—even in backyard feeders, to enable individuals to track the activities of hummingbirds in their own yard. Researchers also imagine eventually using a tag and a reader with a longer range to identify birds at wild locations, such as on flowers during pollination. This need for a very small tag has made that challenging, Tell reports.

The researchers are continuing to learn about hummingbird activity at feeders, Tell says, based on the data collected during the tag reads. The goal of the existing study is not to prove that bird feeders are a benefit or detriment to the health of hummingbirds, she notes, adding: “This study won’t specifically answer whether feeders are good or bad. We’re interested in trying to determine ways to look at feeder usage and identify best practices for those using feeders, as well as look at how hummingbirds congregate.”x

The study, however, is helping the researchers to gain an understanding of how and when the birds feed. While Anna’s hummingbirds have been previously tracked via RFID, Tell notes, this is the first time that Allen’s hummingbirds have been, due to their smaller size. Thus far, the researchers have found that males are more likely to visit feeders at the same time as other males, rather than with females. Individual hummingbirds also visited on specific feeder more often than others. Night activity was discovered, too, as several birds fed throughout the night.

The study is ultimately aimed at determining feeder visitations by hummingbirds that would further allow scientists to evaluate disease transmission, based on the visitation patterns of hummingbirds at feeders, as well as examining how bird behavior may be changing and what those changes might mean for the animals’ health. In fact, the researchers can ascertain whether some birds remain in the area. The team’s future goal is to evaluate which conditions influence resident populations, including their genetics or environmental factors in the area.

Approximately 61 percent of the birds tagged were detected in the system based on an RFID tag read at a feeder. The others may have moved on to feed in another location, Tell explains. She says the group hopes for partnerships with RFID technology providers or consultants, to help them modify and enhance the capabilities of an RFID system for the hummingbirds.

Swedish Watchmaker Brings NFC Payments to Its Smart Watches

Keyword:   Innovation,  NFC,  Payment Systems,  Security and Access Control ,  Transportation
Posted on 11 Dec,2018 By Amos

Nov 12, 2018—Technology companies have been the prominent suppliers of smart watches in recent years, but one Swedish maker of connected watches, Kronaby, has turned that model on its head by selling a classic-looking wristwatch that incorporates the technology more commonly found in devices sold by companies like Apple or Samsung. Kronaby will soon offer Near Field Communication (NFC) functionality in its products, in order to enable payments, access control, transportation and promotional content, all with the tap of a wrist. Initially, the company is enabling payments via a user’s MasterCard account.

The solution is provided by contactless technology firm Fidesmo and semiconductor company STMicroelectronics, which have teamed up to offer an NFC payment system-on-chip (SoC) for watches, jewelry and other wearables. The solution leverages STMicroelectronics’ newly released STPay-Boost IC and Fidesmo’s over-the-air (OTA) technology to personalize the NFC functionality on the wearable device, says Mattias Eld, Fidesmo’s CEO.

Since 2017, Kronaby has offered its Hybrid Smartwatch with a Bluetooth connection to smartphones running the Kronaby app. It comes with a classical look with dial plate and hands, the company reports, but also can receive texts, e-mails or phone calls, control music on a phone or speaker, and automatically adjust to the proper time zone when a wearer is travelling. Recently, the company began looking into technology that could enable the watch to do more.

“First of all, the placement of a watch on your wrist makes it ideal for contactless interactions,” says Jonas Morän, Kronaby’s product manager. “Hybrid Smartwatches are all about allowing you to be connected to the digital world without being distracted by it. We will be launching several products that include the Fidesmo technology, starting in 2019.”

Fidesmo offers a software platform and ecosystem that make it possible to distribute services to a device wirelessly. The firm offers both semi-active and passive solutions. It builds passive NFC chips into ID cards or badges, or can install a chip into a battery-powered device for a semi-active solution. The use case for Kronaby would require a system in which an NFC chip could be embedded in a watch’s metal frame and still transmit and receive signals. That means the SoC would use the watch’s battery, while also leveraging STMicroelectronics’ boost functionality.

The booster employs active load modulation (ALM), an analog process that reshapes the NFC signal when it is being received, while amplifying its response. The boost feature ensures that the tag can respond to an NFC signal, even in a metal environment. In this case, however, the antenna is built underneath the non-metallic watch face, according to Lionel Ravel, STMicroelectronics’ product marketing engineer.

Wearable device chips need to be very small to accommodate form factors, such as wristwatch frames and jewelry, Ravel explains, and the boost function ensures that the chip does not require a very large antenna. “That’s where the booster allows a very elegant solution,” he states. Additionally, the STPay-Boost IC combines a secure element with an NFC chip (traditionally, the secure element is separate from the NFC chip), based on a Java operating system. The chip has a large memory capacity, Ravel adds—up to 135 kilobytes of nonvolatile memory for user applets and personalization data, in addition to pre-loaded payment applets.

When Fidesmo and Kronaby first began discussing a payment solution for the Hybrid Smartwatch, the two companies opted to use NFC in integration with a financial services firm. To that end, Fidesmo began working with MasterCard. The system requires that a user first download the Kronaby app. He or she then opens the app, which utilizes Fidesmo’s software-based data. “For us,” Morän says, “it’s key to integrate the entire user experience. That’s why we’ve chosen to do all product and software development in-house.”

A user can set up credentials in the watch by inputting his or her MasterCard account information and a password into a mobile phone. That data is then tokenized and sent to the watch via a Bluetooth connection. An individual can input the information he or she considers most important. “In order to set up the watch and make it yours,” Morän states, “it’s of the essence to have an intuitive, nice-looking app that consumers understand, since we sell Hybrid Smartwatches for everyone.”

Once the MasterCard account is linked to the watch, the user can begin making payments for store purchases with his or her watch. There are a growing number of NFC-enabled payment systems deployed at European stores that could read the watch’s chip, Eld reports. In fact, there is a mandate in Europe that all point-of-sale devices accept NFC payments by January 2020. “We are already at about 50 percent in Sweden,” he says.

The system begins with a single financial service provider, Eld notes, though he adds, “We’re not just about MasterCard—we want to be a hub to connect to other services,” whether users make payments from a variety of accounts, access restricted areas or redeem coupons. “I think that’s something the market wants as well.”

The STPay-Boost chips are now being used in a sample version. According to the company, the ICs are expected to be available in full production this month at a price of $3.50 each, in orders of 1,000 pieces or more.

Morän cites three key features of the new watch: “First, it has the quality, specification and looks of a traditional watch, combined with the freedom of not having to charge it,” he says, since it uses a coin cell battery. Second, NFC technology allows Kronaby to add services over time “and, in that way, make it even more useful to our customers.” The third feature, Morän says, is the convenience of having a payment system on a wrist, as opposed to it being in the form factor of a card or mobile phone. “There’s no need to dig in your pockets or purse,” he states. “Just reach out and tap and pay.” The wearable market will continue to grow as technology such as the STPay-Boost IC becomes available, Ravel predicts. “People are seeing mobility,” he says. “They want to carry their credentials with them,” and not have to take a wallet or smartphone out of their pocket. “I’m pretty confident the market will continue to expand from the card side to the wearable side.”

Additionally, Fidesmo offers integration into access-control systems and other solutions that leverage NFC transactions. In January 2018, the firm partnered with Bravida, an access-control systems provider, to build a solution by which wearables and Fidesmo NFC-enabled ID cards would provide access to facilities for individuals with the proper credentials. The system consists of Fidesmo’s open software platform and Bravida’s access-control services. Companies using the technology include employers that need the system to manage workers’ access to buildings or campuses.

Germany’s Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen (VDV), a cooperative agency for the nation’s public-transit authorities—and the organization behind the contactless ticketing standard used in that country—serves Frankfurt, Hamburg, Berlin and nine other regions. The agency is currently working with Fidesmo, using their NFC-enabled devices and cards to provide passengers with access to its modes of transit. The system is an integration between VDV’s own software platform and Fidesmo’s, storing keys and other data on the devices that connect with Fidesmo tags to make the latter an integrated part of the public-transit ticketing system.

DLA Plans IoT Solution for Tracking Assets at Texas Facility

Keyword:  Asset Tracking,  Defense,  Internet of Things,  Logistics ,  Sensors, Supply Chain
Posted on 26 Nov,2018 By Amos

Nov 22, 2018—Supply-chain and asset-management technology company Savi has signed a contract with the United States’ Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) to provide Internet of Things (IoT) technology to track approximately 24,000 military assets—primarily vehicles—as they move around the world. The system employs technology provided by Orbcomm, an IoT firm that makes communications solutions to track, monitor and control assets, while Savi provides sensor-based analytics, software and hardware. Orbcomm’s contribution consists of solar-powered cellular sensors that transmit data as assets move around the DLA’s facility, as well as from other locations worldwide.

The order is part of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)’s RFID-IV contract (#W52P1) between military agencies and technology providers for tracking assets and their in-transit visibility as they move around the globe. Since 2013, Savi has provided nearly all of the DoD’s RFID-related contracts, totaling $800 million (see U.S. DoD Reaffirms Commitment to Savi as Sole RFID-IV Provider).

The new DLA deployment will take place at the Red River Distribution Depot in Texas, one of the agency’s eight depots. The facility provides support for tracked and wheeled vehicles, aircraft and major weapon systems, including repair, storage and shipping. The depot serves as the storage site for the U.S. Army’s Bradley Fighting Vehicles Systems, as well as several rocket systems and multipurpose wheeled vehicles.

The solution will consist of Orbcomm’s cellular devices, transmitting GPRS- or CDMA-based data that is managed by Savi’s Visibility real-time asset location and analytics software, according to Rosemary Johnston, Savi’s VP of operations. Orbcomm’s GT 1100 devices include solar-powered units to supplement the power of an onboard lithium-ion battery, as well as GPS unit and satellite communication. A ruggedized enclosure is designed to withstand extreme temperatures, as well as exposure to water, dust, shock and vibration.

The sensor measures 114 millimeters by 337 millimeters (4.9 inches by 13.3 inches) and 25 millimeters (1 inch) in thickness. The device’s solar functionality enables the battery to have a lifespan of typically five to 10 years. This offers reliable service without the need for maintenance or battery changes throughout a typical asset’s lifecycle, according to Greg Flessate, Orbcomm’s senior VP for government and maritime. It is designed to go into either standby sleep mode or deep sleep. The sensors leverage solar energy not just from direct sunlight, but also from ambient light, even if a vehicle is parked away from natural lighting.

The sensors will be attached to vehicles (on either the top or side) and can transmit data including a tag’s unique ID number (linked with a specific asset) and that item’s GPS-based location, along with a date and time stamp and its battery life, two times a day. As the vehicle is moved from one location to another, the device sends its unique ID number, with longitude and latitude coordinates.

Data is captured and managed on the cloud-based Visibility software platform, which identifies where each vehicle is located, then forwards that information to the DoD’s RF-ITV network so it can be accessed by logistics managers. With this data, managers can understand the locations of all assets within their supply chain, and thereby determine when any cargo is delayed or misrouted, and thus better anticipate arrival at a specific destination.

The intent, Johnston explains, is to spare personnel from labor related to tracking inventory “so that they can pursue more pressing tasks.” With the solution, she says, the DLA will gain real-time location data regarding each vehicle, no matter in what part of the world it is located or how it is being operated.

“There are times when it’s suggested that the government is not on the bleeding edge” when it comes to technology adoption, says Vicki Warker, Savi’s chief marketing officer. This contract indicates otherwise, she maintains, since the agency “is taking significant steps into IoT technology.” She adds, “There’s a huge potential here for very granular-level management with a technology-based tool.” In fact, adds Marianne Cullen, Savi’s marketing director, the DLA is proving with the contract “that they are very open to adopting new technology.”

Earlier this summer, the U.S. government extended the active RFID-IV contract through April 2019 (see Savi-DoD Contract Brings Cellular Connectivity, Mobility to Asset Management). Last month, Savi received an additional order from two DoD agencies for active RFID tags, with a total of 48,000 active RFID tags added to the 1 million such tags already deployed by the DoD and other international militaries (see Savi Receives Orders for Active RFID Tags from Tw U.S. Defense Agencies).

Business Applications of the IoT and Advantages for the Fleet Industry

Keyword:  Internet of Things,  Logistics,  Supply Chain,  Transport
Posted on 12th Nov,2018 By Amos

RFID and Internet of Things technologies are improving rapidly to increase and expand connected device capabilities.

The thought of living in a world in which all of the devices in your home, office or car can communicate with each other, and be controlled over the Internet, may have seemed like a far-fetched fantasy a decade ago, but now it is all very possible with the advent of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. The IoT connected the world at an unprecedented scale, via machines and tools communicating with one another online, thanks to radio frequench identification (RFID) and other technologies.

With the promise of smart homes, workplaces and even cities, the IoT is developing by leaps and bounds, completely changing business industries and the lives of people everywhere. We have seen a lot of exciting and life-altering innovations, but the IoT is set to transform our way of life with objects coming alive and interacting with people, as well as understanding and anticipating their needs and choices.

When it comes to business, the IoT is a total game-changer. The technology makes companies smarter and more efficient, while optimizing logistics processes and improving customer relations. The Internet of Things revolution is still in its infancy, but the fleet industry has been reaping the benefits of the IoT and telematics technologies for more than a decade now, as one of the first sectors to adopt the advanced systems.

According to statistics, 8.4 billion connected devices were in use in 2017 worldwide, at a staggering 31 percent increase from 2016. The number of connected “things” are expected to reach 20.5 billion by 2020, with more than $2 trillion in economic benefit globally. The widespread implementation of the IoT is a clear indication of how popular the technology is right now.

Fleet businesses are among the pioneers in the field of IoT technology. While the individual use of connected device technology was almost non-existent, fleet companies utilized sophisticated tracking software and telematics devices to keep track of their vehicles and acquire data about drivers and the condition of their cargo.

The fleet industry heavily relied on rudimentary tools, such as walkie-talkies and car phones, to convey essential information that managers need to make decisions or last-minute changes, or to plan routes before the implementation of telematics systems. With very limited data and communication tools, managers had a hard time coordinating the movements of their fleets or checking vital data regarding their vehicles, such as speed, temperature and GPS location.

However, with the introduction of IoT devices into their infrastructure, fleet businesses gained access to a plethora of information about their vehicles and drivers. Field operators require extensive data regarding every phase of their operations, from driver behavior to fuel levels to real-time location data. This greater connectivity throughout a fleet, as well as continuous data flow between IoT devices and tracking servers, paves the way for sophisticated fleet-management software that can help businesses tremendously with their management processes. Fleet telematics systems boast a wide range of prominent features, such as real-time tracking, geofence zones, fuel usage reports, route history and driver management, which are all possible thanks to the IoT’s connected device and vehicle technology.

By utilizing telematics systems and IoT technologies, fleet companies can completely change the way they operate. There are many examples of how connected devices and vehicles affect businesses all around the world. For example, a bakery that has a fleet of 15 vehicles performing approximately 50 deliveries a day requires precise information about its operations, down to the last detail, to be able to deliver fresh products to its customers. IoT sensors on the vehicles would allow the bakery’s manager to control the temperature inside the cargo hold and make sure cakes and pastries were in perfect condition by the time they arrived at their destination.

Telematics devices can also assist field managers in planning efficient routes, allowing drivers to reach their intended locations on time. This is but one example of how IoT and telematics devices connected via the Internet can improve business operations. What’s more, fleet managers can generate fuel reports based on telematics data or check the humidity levels inside a vehicle to make sure cargo stays fresh over long distances.

IoT and telematics systems present fleet businesses with unlimited opportunities and improvements in every aspect of their operations. Understanding the potential of the IoT, many technology giants—such as Apple, Microsoft and IBM—began investing in this technology years ago. With the help of IoT technology and the infrastructure to support it, a company can step into a new age of business and become a pioneer in its industry, while increasing productivity and profits.

There are billions of connected devices generating an exorbitant amount of data all around the globe. We still can’t fully analyze and utilize all of this data, but IoT technology is improving rapidly to increase and expand connected device capabilities. Soon, ordinary objects, vehicles, machines, buildings and houses—pretty much everything in the world—will be able to communicate and talk to each other via the Internet and help people with their everyday activities.

Timing Is Right for Watchmaker’s Blockchain, NFC

Keyword:  Internet of Things,  Inventory / Warehouse Management,  Manufacturing,  NFC,  Retail
Posted on 22th Oct,2018 By Amos

Favre-Leuba is bringing NFC-based data about each of its watches to blockchain-based software, thanks to a solution from cybersecurity technology company WiseKey that tracks inventory and provides brand authentication and a personalized record of each purchased watch for consumers

Swiss watch maker Favre-Leuba is launching a blockchain-based solution to track the authenticity of its products after sales, using data captured via Near Field Communication (NFC) reads. By capturing NFC-based data on blockchain-based software, the company can thus maintain a record of which watch was sold, when and where this occurred, and to whom, as well as any follow-up maintenance or services. This information can then be shared with watch owners.

The company’s NFC technology use began two years ago, while the addition of the blockchain platform begins this year. The NFC and blockchain solution, known as WiseAuthentic Blockchain, was provided by WiseKey International Holding, an Internet of Things (IoT) cross-industry, cybersecurity platform company that provides solutions to the watch industry. Favre-Leuba launched the system with NFC tags built into warranty cards, as well as an app for capturing and managing the collected data, as a way to activate each watch’s warranty and track sales. Now, two years later, the system will use blockchain to create a broader, immutable record of its watches long after they have been sold.

Favre-Leuba, the second oldest Swiss watch brand, is headquartered in the city of Zug. Several centuries ago, the firm was a pioneer in watch design and manufacturing. These days, it is looking ahead to identify technology solutions for a 21st-century market, to ensure that its watches are authentic. The company began working with Wisekey two years ago. “We built our platform around identity management,” explains Carlos Moreno, WiseKey’s VP of corporate alliances and partnerships.

Swiss watches face two key challenges, according to Reema Vazirani, Favre-Leuba’s marketing manager: authentication and providing a watch history that extends beyond the sale. Traditionally, she says, tracking a watch’s history and value is a matter of paperwork. However, blockchain not only captures an unchangeable record of a watch’s history, but also makes that information available to others as needed.

Favre-Leuba’s watches are priced between 2,000 and 8,500 Swiss Francs ($2,010 and $8,543). “The purchase is dear to the customer,” Vazirani says. “Given this, we wanted to avail this opportunity of protecting the customer’s purchase right from the start.”

When a purchase is made, a store clerk removes the warranty card from the watch’s packaging, then scans its built-in NFC 13.56 MHz chip, which is compliant with the ISO 14443 standard and is made by Wisekey. Wise Authentication software prompts the employee to select the watch being sold.

The software stores a record of the watches sold at that location, based on shipments from the manufacturing site to the store, so that the selection of watches includes each individual watch and its serial number. Once a watch has been selected, the process links the WiseAuthentic ID stored and secured in the NFC tag to the specific product being purchased. At the same time, with the tag read at the point of sale, the watch’s authenticity becomes visible to both the retailer and the consumer. The technology company’s WiseAuthentic Platform softwarestores the transaction data for that watch on a blockchain ledger.

“Instead of just recording data into a database,” Moreno says, “we will record it into the blockchain infrastructure,” and share it with Favre-Leuba’s SAP management software. The shopper can then take the watch and warranty card home, after which he or she can access data by reading the NFC tag via an NFC-enabled smartphone. “Through the application,” he explains, “consumers will be able to check the pedigree, confirm authentication and manufacturing information.”

According to Moreno, the value of blockchain is that it creates a record that lasts long after a sale has been made. Since the watches are often used for decades—and, in some cases, increase in value as vintage products—a history of each watch sold is important to consumers. Without the NFC and blockchain data, Vazirani notes, information is limited. “While we do have some history that we can share,” she states, “it is not as rich as we wish for it to be. This digitization of this purchase information about the watch is a very helpful factor in this process.”

The watch company has already been noticing several benefits from the use of NFC to track sales, launch warranties and confirm authenticity, Vazirani reports. “Our partners, as well as our internal team members, receive complete transparency about the watch,” she says, “right from our warehouse to the final customer sale.”

With the addition of blockchain, Vazirani says, the system does more, such as enabling personalization for watch buyers. Once a consumer takes his or her new watch home, that person can access relevant data about the watch, such as a user manual and service information alerts. He or she can also track the watch’s maintenance history throughout the years.

The system also provides a mechanism to record if a watch is ever lost or stolen. A user could check the warranty card ID and update a watch as missing, and that record would make it traceable if the watch wound up in a seller’s hands. Favre-Leuba expects to continue updating the system as Wisekey makes new tools available.

RFID in the Supply Chain

Keyword:  Visibility,  Real-Time Inventory Tracking,  Higher accuracy
Posted on 11th Oct,2018 By Amos
As companies expand their operations, their supply chains grow with the company. The processes become more complex, which stresses the importance of accuracy at each link in the supply chain.

Restricted visibility along with inaccuracies can halt production and limit a company’s overall efficiency, so companies are looking for solutions to avoid any additional supply chain headaches. One solution that is gaining momentum is radio frequency identification (RFID).

According to TechTarget, RFID is a form of wireless communication that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object. The most common RFID application is for tracking and management. This includes inventory management, asset tracking, cargo and supply chain logistics and vehicle tracking. RFID can also be used in the supply chain for improved visibility and distribution.

RFID has been around since the 1940’s, but its technology could never quite find a practical application over time, so it’s usage tapered off. RFID is making a comeback because of the expanded technology around it. With companies using interconnected systems and pulling valuable information from those systems using analytics, RFID is coming back from the dead within supply chains because it improves visibility and inventory tracking.

In this article, we’ll take a look at how RFID is being used and how it is improving supply chains.

RFID Improves Visibility

RFID allows companies to track their supply chain workflow, which will provide more usable data with manufacturing equipment, inventory, asset management and company processes. When used properly, the data generated can help streamline these areas of the supply chain through automation. RFID can be integrated into company processes and be a major time saver. Instead of a certain process taking two hours, it may only take a matter of minutes.

Having the information generated from RFID integration at your fingertips allows for quicker, more informed decision making. This type of visibility allows processes to be fully automated, which will remove the element of human error. Warehouses and distribution centers who implement RFID systems into their processes take their inventory visibility and availability from 2 percent to 20 percent, according to

Provides Real-Time Inventory Tracking

One of the greatest benefits of increased visibility is using the data generated with the help of RFID to cut costs. One example is real-time tracking that shows the most accurate inventory levels. With RFID, companies can see exactly how much of their products they have on hand. This type of real-time tracking gives them a better timeline of when to reorder to bolster inventory. It also helps them find the optimal inventory level so there is no excess product sitting on the shelves, wasting money for storage. While adjusting inventory levels may not seem like a profit driver, keeping proper inventory levels can help a company save between 20-30 percent on their warehousing and storage costs.

Retailers who have already implemented RFID into their processes are already seeing benefits. They are running into fewer issues of out-of-stock products and increasing the on-shelf availability of their products. RFID is able to scan each unique SKU number and identify differences in products, such as size, color, and style. With merchandise tagged with RFID, manufacturers can increase inventory count rates from 200 to 12,000+ items per hour. This type of visibility is giving retailers information on what is selling and what is sitting on their shelves for too long within minutes as opposed to days or weeks without RFID.

Higher Accuracy

When RFID is implemented into warehousing and storage systems, it usually results in a major improvement in product picking. According to, manufacturers and distributors who implemented RFID technology into their supply chain saw an 80 percent improvement in shipping and picking accuracy. This type of improvement saves companies a good amount of money as a result of fewer shipping and packing errors.

According to Bill Hardgrave, Dean of Auburn University’s Harbert College of Business and founder of the RFID Lab: “RFID increases inventory accuracy, from an average of 65 percent to more than 95 percent. And high inventory accuracy can lead to increased sales—but only if retailers use the data to improve their operations and processes. This is an important distinction and its key to the success of any RFID deployment.”

As supply chains are evolving, RFID is making waves by helping solve some supply chain issues while improving efficiency at the same time. RFID is improving visibility while generating more useful information, it is providing real-time inventory tracking and it is more accurate throughout multiple supply chain processes.

RFID Tracks Specialty Drugs Through Pharmaceutical Network

Keyword:  Health Care, Inventory/Warehouse Management, Pharmaceutical, Supply Chain, Visibility
Posted on 11th Sep,2018 By Amos

Asembia has deployed a UHF RFID-based solution to track the movement and status of specialty medications as they flow from the distribution center to pharmacies and to patients, thereby preventing the dispensing of expired products.

Aug 29, 2018—Asembia, a health-care service, contracting and technology company, is managing the inventory dating and expiration of its high-value medications using an RFIDsystem from Truecount Corp. Since launching the UHF RFID system this year, Asembia reports that both the organization’s distribution arm and its pharmacy members have been better able to manage the dating and expirations of inventory, and have thereby minimized product returns. Truecount had already created a simple, inexpensive way to date and track inventory or assets. Working with Asembia, Truecount adapted that system for seamless integration with Asembia’s inventory-management tools. Tag provider Charming Trim & Packagingprovided the UHF inlay labels that are attached to the pharmaceutical packaging. Asembia, headquartered in Florham Park, N.J., employed Trucount’s Simple RFID software solution.

Asembia’s Snehal Patel
Asembia was founded more than a decade ago to provide group purchasing and contracting services for new biologic medicines and other specialty drugs that aren’t dispensed at traditional pharmacies. These days, the company collaborates with its network of pharmacy members, as well as its manufacturer partners, prescribers, payers and other stakeholders to provide a full suite of services to the specialty pharmacy industry, including the targeted distribution of select drugs and medical devices.

The company has grown as the specialty pharmacy market has expanded with new and often expensive drug launches. Tracking the specialized distribution of these medications through its network of stakeholders can be complex. Many of these specialty medications have a relatively short shelf life. As a result, says Snehal Patel, Asembia’s senior director of pharmacy network and market access, “One of the key challenges we face as a distributor is product shelf life and expiration.”

For example, Patel says, “One of the products we distribute has 14- to 15-month dating [shelf life] at the time of arrival to our distribution facilities.” Additionally, patients receiving this product are guaranteed that it will not expire within less than one year after purchase. That means Asembia and its pharmacy network members have only two or three months, at most, to turn over product inventory before the goods are no longer saleable.

Prior to employing the Truecount RFID system, Asembia and its pharmacy network members either maintained a digital inventory based on their starting inventory minus dispenses, or manually counted and reported inventory down to the lot and expiration. “This was a tedious and unscientific method,” Patel explains, “that allowed too much room for human error.”

In seeking a solution, Asembia was looking for a real-time inventory system that could provide inventory accuracy down to the specific lot and expiration number for each product at every participating pharmacy. Asembia dedicated time to researching a variety of RFID-based inventory-management solutions, focusing on what it said was the most critical element: software integration. Since Asembia and its member pharmacies use its own workflow-management software, known as Asembia-1, the firm needed a solution that would integrate RFID data regarding the movement and status of inventory with that platform.

How It Works

Each product is tracked from distribution center to patient. First, a passive UHF RFID tag is applied to each container of medication. To create the proper tag for the application, Charming Trim & Packaging tested a variety of products, then selected its 15X40 u7 inlay, which is designed for unique applications. “It performs well on these types of applications,” says Jeremy Van Houten, Charming Trim & Packaging’s global account executive, “so after testing, it proved to be the right inlay for this type of application.”

Truecount’s Zander Livingston

These labels are designed with a low-release adhesive, enabling them to adhere well to Asembia’s packages, Van Houten explains, though they can also be removed without leaving residue on the package. “This was a request by Asembia,” he states, “so we designed this label specifically for their application.” Asembia applies the tags at its distribution facility, and the software links each product to its unique ID encoded to its tag. After a participating pharmacy places an order, explains Zander Livingston, Truecount’s CEO, Asembia employees select the necessary drugs, then use Zebra Technologies RFD8500 UHF RFID readers, connected to an Apple iPod, to interrogate all tagged inventory prior to shipping.

The Truecount Simple RFID software then captures and manages data about the distribution of each new product for every pharmacy. For shared visibility, all scanned inventory is processed and published in real time to a custom dashboard powered by the Asembia-1 system. In this way, Asembia can achieve visibility into inventory at each pharmacy location. The pharmacies can then access data on the Simple RFID software, which resides on an Asembia-hosted server. These member pharmacies can use the system to track their own inventory as well.

When a product order is received, pharmacy personnel scan all goods going to that customer with the pharmacy’s own handheld RFID reader, thereby updating each item’s status as sold. Every evening, the staff also conducts an inventory scan of all remaining stock, which can be reconciled with the dispense data in Asembia-1.

In the event that a product is recalled, pharmacy employees can simply input the item’s information, put the RFID reader on Geiger counter mode, and quickly locate and collect any medications that need to be removed from the shelves. In addition, Asembia can track product down to the lot and expiration dates. Based on certain expiry dates, the company can ensure that all pharmacies are following protocol and are dispensing appropriately dated drugs.

The technology can also expedite the returns process for any product determined to be unusable due to dating. “This is a tremendous benefit to the pharmacies who previously managed inventory and initiated returns,” Patel states. “Now, the return process is initiated by Asembia.” When it comes to benefits, he says, visibility ensures that no product expires or is unaccounted for. “Having that visibility throughout the supply chain, and all the way to the patient’s hands, is the ultimate benefit of this solution.”

In the meantime, for Asembia’s network pharmacies, the process of scanning inventory has eliminated the manual labor required for pharmacy employees to count each unit and report back lot numbers and expiration dates to Asembia on a regular basis. The pharmacies report that they now save time and are better able to provide the appropriate data in a timely fashion.

When the RFID system was launched earlier this year, Asembia was able to install the software remotely. Truecount then provided remote training that required only one day, Livingston reports. “Asembia is able to implement as they expand into new locations or pharmacies,” he says. “Hence, the name ‘Simple.'”

With the help of Charming Trim & Packaging, Livingston says, “We have designed a very simple way to tag up the products while supporting their post-pack product information.” Asembia plans to continue to expand the RFID tagging process throughout the next year. “We are currently working to enhance the process through our Asembia-1 platform,” Patel notes, in order “to automatically trigger order replenishment by tying dispenses to on-hand inventory.”

The solution’s greatest benefit, according to Patel, is the assurance that patients receive safe, effective products. By incorporating Truecount’s inventory-management system into Asembia’s existing services, he says, “We can align supply chain logistics with product delivery to ultimately enhance patient care.”

The South Africa retailer House of Busby build A unmanned RFID inventory system and save great

Keyword: Unmanned Inventory Handheld reader RFID system
Posted on 27th Feb,2018 By Joe Song

The South Africa retailer House of Busby installed the RFID solution in one of his store located in Johannesburg, to improve the visibility of its inventory and save the time which used in inventory checking. This solution is provided by Milestone Integrated Systems, adopts the EPC (UHF)RFID reader from Keonn and software from AdvanCloud to manage these data.

Since this system was built, the inventory checking time of this store decreased from 120 working hours to 30 minutes. This system can also be used to confirm whether the clients made the payment or not (when leave the Exit), thanks to the long reading range (several meters) elevated reader thus have no need to install additional hardware.

During inventory checking, the employee will use AdvanScan handheld reader and scan the items. What they need is only open the application on the handheld reader, push the inventory checking button and walk around in the warehouse, and the reader will automatically get the article ID from nearby cargo shelves, then the reader will send these data to the Cloud software by using WIFI or Cellular network

There will also have a AdvanPay reader in checkout counter. When the customer want to check the bill, they only need to put the article tags on the reader, the reader will get these articles’ ID information automatically and send them to the software, thus upgrade its status.

At the Exit Milestone installed an AdvanSafe elevated reader, when some guy leave store without paying the bill, the AdvanCloud software will trigger the alarm.

Lourens said, “It takes us two working days each time when we make inventory checking before we install this RFID system, but now this time decreased into half an hour. They helped us save the operating expense and improved the inventory accuracy at the same time.”

And now, House of Busby is going to install this RFID system into all their stores!

How industry 4.0 will change our world

Summary: “Industry 4.0” not only belongs to the innovation of manufacturing process, it will bring us a totally new business mode which suites this new times need, it also has a strong influence on the Economic Globalization at the same time, helps the enterprise gain more benefit through changing labor force and increasing service.
Keyword: Industry 4.0    IOT (Internet of Things)    Manufacturing
Posted on 14th Jan,2018 By Joe Song and Michael Yin

The manufacturing industry present meets multiple challenges including labor expense increasing, ageing of population, economic slowing down etc., while the global manufacturing competition is getting worse and worse. The German Gov raised the strategy of “Industry 4.0” aimed to use the advanced Physical Information System and connect the virtual reality with real world thus further enhance the operational efficiency of whole manufacturing process, and help enterprise to gain the ability of fast response to the market change.

The “Industry 4.0” concept exploded like a bomb around the world since it exists, the American quickly follows with “IOT (Internet of things)” while china raised “Internet plus” to match. “Industry 4.0” covers Robert, Big data, IOT, Cloud computing, Augmented reality, 3D printing, Knowledge system, Artificial intelligence, cyber security etc multiple technical field, they will achieve more high value business with new technology integration.

At this moment some automated industry firms started “Industry 4.0”, like “Predix” Industrial Internet cloud platform from General Electric, “MindSphere” from Siemens, Sensor 4.0 System Products from Fuchs etc., they all reflect the new trend of Internet and Intelligent. So, with the upgrade and development of industrial technology, how “Industry 4.0” will influence the global economic?

The production line in “Industry 4.0”

*Interconnection speed up manufacturing globalization
Globalization of all economy are promoted by the improving technology, no matter factory, enterprise or other organization, globalization has to be considered if you want to get a long-term development. Win more market opportunity by using global source, off course face global competition at the same time. Since the productive force promoted drastically from The first industrial revolution, enterprises noticed it is necessary to adapt globalization business thus achieve a maximized value in manufacturing.

Today, the progress of traffic and communication make great contribution to international business, the traffic equipment for sea/land/air is getting mature and becoming more and more powerful. UAV, Unmanned vehicles, Unmanned cargo ship, Delivery Robert, Intelligent logistic systems etc., new equipment further improved the efficiency of things net transport. With the increasing demand from trading and information communication, more and more firms start stepping across land/ocean to make their business achieve a further place. It’s the advanced logistics facility who make impossible to become possible!

The application of virtual reality in industry

Actually, the supply chain of manufacturing were already globalized, one product maybe designed in A country while components made in B country, but assembled in C country. Every day, logistics companies provide various freight service or air service for manufacturing industry, including logistics outsourcing, facility management, custom clearance service, warehouse service etc.

*Not only crafts innovation, even more mode creation  
Every industrial technology revolution brings a profound impact to the world. In 2011 the German Gov and Siemens introduced the “Industry 4.0” strategy on Hanover Industrial Fair, by using the new generation info technology, get through the boundary of machine with machine, Robert with human being, we can build a complete physical info system, thus make the transparent production and transparent management come true. From Simulated production to all things digitizing, under the “Industry 4.0” mode, manufacturing industry will form a complete Virtual-Actual Combination production systems.

With the Integration or development of Info Technology(IT) and Operation Technology(OT), many companies start seeking new solutions to connect digital world with real world. Collect supplier info and clients’ info through IOT, use a more specified production info, thus contributes to a maximized manufacturing/operating efficiency. IOT will build a seamless connection for digital world and real world, there will be no gap between machine systems and human, can exchange info and adjust the production plan automatically.

Solution for Industry 4.0

“Industry 4.0” isn’t only the revolution for manufacturing crafts, it will bring a totally new business mode which suits the new times need, helping enterprises get more benefit by changing the labor force and increasing service, it will also have a strong effect on economic globalization.

*The boundary for all countries are becoming blurred
Under the trend of “Industry 4.0”, companies’ operation and management will use more complex data network and global supply chain. Physical connection is replaced by more and more digital connection, which helps firms get more valuable big data, while cloud storage and application software make more and bigger data processing become available.

With the physical info system getting more and more powerful, enterprises can realize larger international cooperation. By using the software based on cloud, anyone at everywhere could contribute to the design, realized a distributed production, thus further make use of all the resources’ advantage. Such a mode is more and more adapted in CAD, which make product design a process of collaboration.

Production line of intelligent manufacturing

However, globalization is not only a case of improving designing process. Enterprises could gain the largest talented person resources, because no more regional restriction. The manufacturing expense could come down again by connecting virtual network with international supplier network. To maintain the equipment which far away from us, an expert’s assistance via remote system would be a good choice. Many international Corp., supplier or working guys get closer to each other via virtual reality, thus improved the flow of ideas and obtained more knowledge or technical experience. Cloud computing promotes the development of “Industry 4.0”, a cheaper data storage and transmission will make the Corps. a better flexibility and decentralized management.

The function of equipment gets more and more powerful

Such a mode maybe means in the future an international Corp. don’t need an obvious physical existence, when virtual and reality fused, any division in one Corp. can working all around the world, and integrate the international resources to realize a Corp.’s commercial value.

*Industry 4.0 improved enterprises’ international competitiveness
“Industry 4.0” mode will bring a broad connectivity, that means an enterprise can more easily obtain international resources and make business to all around the world but not only localized business, thus form a globalized competition. The enterprises have to face the changing consumer demand, improve production efficiency via automation technology, and reduce the production time by combining production flexibility. In this way let Corps. own a faster market responding ability and better improve its competitiveness.

With the constantly opening of sea route, today logistics can arrive every corner around the world, thus make all global factories closed to each other. The new mode “Industry 4.0” make factory production gets even more transparent and efficient, while its customized function makes enterprises a higher flexibility. This new mode will definitely further improve a Corps. international competitiveness and promote the process of industrial globalization.